ISSN 2146-8389
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Effects of “5 a day” fruit and vegetable intake on micronutrient level and oxidative stress markers in HIV positive patients: a cluster randomized trial

Germaine N. Nkengfack, Jeanne Ngogang, Heike Englert.

Cited by (2)

Abstract
Although evidence of the beneficial impact of antioxidant supplements in HIV patients exists, the effectiveness of dietary antioxidants is not certain for resource limited settings. The hypothesis that nutritional education and lifestyle modification can improve both dietary habits and antioxidant level, and reduce oxidative stress was tested in a cluster randomized trial, involving 5 health facilities, randomized either to intervention or the control group. The intervention consisted of two counselling lessons, each lasting 1,5 h/week during 6 months, on: “nutrition”, “hygiene” and “coping with stigma and discrimination”. Lessons were embedded in practical activities such as shopping tours at local markets, cookery seminars on regional food and workshops on healthy lifestyle. 201 participants were enrolled and followed-up for 24 months. After 6 months, mean malondialdehyde (MDA) increased by 6% in both groups. Fruit and vegetable intake increased from less than two servings a day to two or three in the intervention group compared to the control group. Zinc, iron, vitamin A, C and E, β-carotene and calcium intake significantly increased in the intervention group, compared to the control group. Positive correlation was observed between fruit intake and vitamin A and β-carotene; and between vegetable intake and vitamin A and vitamin C. Negative correlation was observed between fruit intake and MDA, and between CD4 cell count and MDA. The intervention provides an effective low-cost alternative improving dietary intake of fruits and vegetables, antioxidant intake, thus improving health outcomes in HIV infected patients.

Key words: Counseling; HIV; Malondialdehyde


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Germaine N. Nkengfack
Articles by Jeanne Ngogang
Articles by Heike Englert
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 2007
Downloaded: 580
Cited: 2

REFERENCES
1.Schattner E, Laurence J. HIV-induced T-lymphocyte depletion. Clin Lab Med 1994; 14:221-38.

[Pubmed]   


2.Hughes SM, Amadi B, Mwiya M, Nkamba H, Mulundu G, Tomkins A, Goldblatt D. CD4 counts decline despite nutritional recovery in HIV-infected Zambian children with severe malnutrition. Pediatrics 2009; 123:e347-51.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2008-1316

[
Pubmed]   


3.Ngondi JL, Oben J, Musoro DF, Etame HL, Mbaya D. The effects of different combination therapies on oxidative stress markers in HIV infected patients in Cameroon. AIDS Res Ther 2006; 3:19.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1742-6405-3-19

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   


4.Baruchel S, Wainberg MA. The role of oxidative stress in disease progression in individuals infected by the human immunodeficiency virus. J Leukoc Biol 1992; 52:111-4.

[
Pubmed]   


5.Schreck R, Rieber P, Baeuerle PA. Reactive oxygen intermediates as apparently widely used messengers in the activation of NF-Kappa B transcription factor and HIV-1. EMBO J 1991; 10:2247-58.

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   


6.Oguntibeju OO. Quality of life of people living with HIV and AIDS and antiretroviral therapy. HIV AIDS (Auckl) 2012; 4:117-24.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/HIV.S32321

[
Pubmed]   


7.Wolitski RJ, Pals SL, Kidder DP, Courtenay-Quirk C, Holtgrave DR. The effects of HIV stigma on health, disclosure of HIV status, and risk behavior of homeless and unstably housed persons living with HIV. AIDS Behav 2009; 13:1222-32.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-008-9455-4

[
Pubmed]   


8.Goncalves L, Dafre AL, Carobrez SG, Gasparotto OC. A temporal analysis of the relationships between social stress, humoral immune response and glutathione-related antioxidant defences. Behav Brain Res 2008; 192:226-31.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2008.04.010

[
Pubmed]   


9.Wu D, Cederbaum AI. Ethanol-induced apoptosis to HepG2 cell lines expressing human cytochrome P-4502E1. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1999; 23:67-76.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-0277.1999.tb04025.x


10.Loft S, Astrup A, Buemann B, Poulsen HE. Oxidative DNA damage correlates with oxygen consumption in humans. FASEB J 1994; 8:534-7.

[
Pubmed]   


11.Castilla P, Echarri R, Davalos A, Cerato F, Orega H, Teruel JL, Lucas MF, Gomez. Coronado D, Ortuno J, Lasuncion MA. Concentrated red grape juice exerts antioxidant, hypolipidemic, and anti-inflammatory effects in both hemodialysis patients and healthy subjects. Am J Clin Nutr 2006; 84:252-62.

[
Pubmed]   


12.Holt EM, Stephen LM, Moran A, Basu S, Steinberger L, Ross JA, Hong CP, Sinaiko AR. Fruit and vegetable consumption and its relation to markers of inflammation and oxidative stress in adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc 2009; 109:414-21.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2008.11.036

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   


13.Dominguez-Avila JA, Alvarez-Parrilla E, de la Rosa-Carrillo LA, Martinez-Martinez A, Gonzalez-Aguilar GA, Gomez-Garcia C, Robles-Sanchez M. Effect of fruit and vegetable intake on oxidative stress and dyslipidemia markers in human and animal models. In: Rasooli I (ed) Phytochemicals - Bioactivities and Impact on Health, Intech, 2011.


14.van Jaarsveld JP, Farber M, Tanumihardjo SA, Nestel P, Lombard CJ, Benade AJ. β-Carotene-rich orange-fleshed sweet potato improves the vitamin A status of primary school children assessed with the modified-relative-dose-response test. Am J Clin Nutr 2009; 81:1080-7.

[
Pubmed]   


15.Birringer M, Ristow M. Efficacy and risks of supplementation with antioxidants. Ernahrungs Umschau 2012; 59:10-4.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4455/eu.2012.018


16.World Markets for Organic Fruit and Vegetables - Opportunities for Developing Countries in the Production and Export of Organic Horticultural Products. Chapter 3: Case Studies of Countries Producing and Exporting Organic Fruit and Vegetables. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Corporate Document Repository. Available via http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/y1669e/y1669e0i.htm (Accessed 11 September 2013).


17.Living Well with HIV/AIDS: A manual on nutitional care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS. World Health Organization (WHO), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy, 2002.


18.Buller DB, Woodall WG, Zimmerman DE, Slater MD, Heimendinger J, Waters E, Hines JM, Starling R, Hau B, Burris-Woodall P, Davis GS, Saba L, Cutter GR. Randomized trial on the 5 a day, the Rio Grande Way Website, a web-based program to improve fruit and vegetable consumption in rural communities J Health Commun 2008; 13:230-49.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10810730801985285

[
Pubmed]   


19.Anderson JW, Reynolds LR, Bush HM, Rinsky JL, Washnock C. Effect of a behavioral/nutritional intervention program on weight loss in obese adults: a randomized controlled trial. Postgrad Med 2011; 123:205-13.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3810/pgm.2011.09.2476

[
Pubmed]   


20.How to integrate water, sanitation and hygiene into HIV programmes. World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva, Switzerland, 2010.


21.Collymore J. Rooting out AIDS-related stigma and discrimination. Population Reference Bureau, Washington DC, USA, 2002.


22.Siyam'kela: Measuring HIC/AIDS Related Stigma. A report on the fieldwork leading to the development of HIV/AIDS stigma indicators and guidelines. Cape Town, South Africa, 2003.


23.Marshall SJ, Levy SS, Tudor-Locke CE, Kolkhorst FW, Wooten KM, Ji M, Macera CA, Ainsworth BE. Translating physical activity recommendations into a pedometer-based step goal: 3000 steps in 30 minutes. Am J Prev Med 2009; 36:410-5.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.021

[
Pubmed]   


24.Thomson NR, McBean EA, Snodgrass W, Monstrenko IB. Sample size for characterizing pollutant concentrations in highway runoff. J Environ Eng 1997;123:1061-5.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9372(1997)123:10(1061)


25.Stephensen CB, Grace SM, Robert AJ, Laurie AK, Steven DD, Craig MW. Vitamin C and E in adolescents and young adults with HIV-infection. Am J Clin Nutr 2006; 83:870-9.

[
Pubmed]   


26.Winkler P, Ellinger S, Boetzer AM, Arendt BM, Berthold HK, Rockstroh JK, Spengler U, Goerlich R. Lymphocyte proliferation and apoptosis in HIV-seropositive and healthy subjects during long-term ingestion of fruit juices or a fruit-vegetable-concentrate rich in polyphenols and antioxidant vitamins. Eur J Clin Nutr 2004; 58:317-25.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601784

[
Pubmed]   


27.John JH, Ziebland S, Yudkin P, Roe LS, Neil HA, Oxford Fruit and Vegetable Study group. Effects of fruit and vegetable consumption on plasma antioxidant concentrations and blood pressure: a randomized controlled trial. Lancet 2002; 359:1969-74.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(02)98858-6

[
Pubmed]   


28.Kobe H, Krzisnik C, Mis NF. Under- and over-reporting of energy intake in slovenian adolescents. J Nutr Educ Behav 2012; 44:574-83.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2010.02.015

[
Pubmed]   


29.Rieth MA, Marina BM, Flavio DF, Sandra CF. Fruits and vegetables intake and characteristics associated among adolescents from Southern Brazil. Nutr J 2012; 11:95.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-11-95

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   


30.Muller F, Svardal AM, Nerday I, Berge RK, Aukrust P, Freland SS. Virological and immunological effects of antioxidants treatment in patients with HIV infection. Eur J Clin Invest 2000; 30:905-14.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2362.2000.00727.x

[
Pubmed]   


31.Ibeh BO, Emeka-Nwabunnia IK. Increased oxidative stress condition found in different stages of HIV disease in patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy in Umuahia (Nigeria). Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2012; 34:1060-6.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/08923973.2012.681327

[
Pubmed]   


32.daCosta DM, Gupta S, Cho M, Mrus J. The association of HIV/AIDS treatment side effects with health status, work productivity, and resource use. AIDS Care 2012; 24:744-55.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2011.630363

[
Pubmed]   


33.Rolina DG, Lindi MW. Reconciling conflicting clinical studies of antioxidant supplementation as HIV therapy: a mathematical approach. BMC Public Health 2009; 9:12.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-S1-S12

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   


34.Scott KP, Malcolm JJ. Exercise-induced oxidative stress: cellular mechanisms and impact on muscle force production. Physiol Rev 2008; 88:1243-76.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/physrev.00031.2007

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   


35.Alessio HM, Goldfarb AH, Cutler RG. MDA content increases in fast- and slow-twitch skeletal muscle with intensity of exercise in a rat. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 1988; 255:C874-7.


36.Sjodin B, Westing YH, Apple FS. Biochemical mechanisms for oxygen free radical formation during exercise. Sports Med 1990; 10:236-54.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199010040-00003

[
Pubmed]   


37.Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). Report on the global AIDS epidemics, World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva, Switzerland, 2010.


38.Holtgraves T. Social desirability and self-reports: testing models of socially desirable responding. Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2004; 30:161-72.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167203259930

[
Pubmed]   


39.Ndawula J, Kabasa JD, Byaruhanga YB. Alterations in fruit and vegetable b-carotene and vitamin C content caused by open-sun drying, visqueen-covered and polyethylene-covered solar-dryers. Afr Health Sci 2004; 4:125-30.

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   


This Article Cited By the following articles

Weight status and associated factors among HIV-infected people on antiretroviral therapy in rural Dikgale, Limpopo, South Africa
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine 2016; 8(1): .

1
 
Advances in mechanisms of anti-oxidation.
Discovery medicine 2014; 17(93): 121-30.

2
 

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nkengfack GN, Ngogang J, Englert H. Effects of “5 a day” fruit and vegetable intake on micronutrient level and oxidative stress markers in HIV positive patients: a cluster randomized trial. Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2013; 2(4): 275-284. doi:10.5455/oams.270713.or.052


Web Style

Nkengfack GN, Ngogang J, Englert H. Effects of “5 a day” fruit and vegetable intake on micronutrient level and oxidative stress markers in HIV positive patients: a cluster randomized trial. http://www.ejmoams.com/?mno=40104 [Access: May 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/oams.270713.or.052


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nkengfack GN, Ngogang J, Englert H. Effects of “5 a day” fruit and vegetable intake on micronutrient level and oxidative stress markers in HIV positive patients: a cluster randomized trial. Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2013; 2(4): 275-284. doi:10.5455/oams.270713.or.052



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nkengfack GN, Ngogang J, Englert H. Effects of “5 a day” fruit and vegetable intake on micronutrient level and oxidative stress markers in HIV positive patients: a cluster randomized trial. Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. (2013), [cited May 22, 2018]; 2(4): 275-284. doi:10.5455/oams.270713.or.052



Harvard Style

Nkengfack, G. N., Ngogang, J. & Englert, H. (2013) Effects of “5 a day” fruit and vegetable intake on micronutrient level and oxidative stress markers in HIV positive patients: a cluster randomized trial. Oxid Antioxid Med Sci, 2 (4), 275-284. doi:10.5455/oams.270713.or.052



Turabian Style

Nkengfack, Germaine N., Jeanne Ngogang, and Heike Englert. 2013. Effects of “5 a day” fruit and vegetable intake on micronutrient level and oxidative stress markers in HIV positive patients: a cluster randomized trial. Oxidants and Antioxidants in Medical Science, 2 (4), 275-284. doi:10.5455/oams.270713.or.052



Chicago Style

Nkengfack, Germaine N., Jeanne Ngogang, and Heike Englert. "Effects of “5 a day” fruit and vegetable intake on micronutrient level and oxidative stress markers in HIV positive patients: a cluster randomized trial." Oxidants and Antioxidants in Medical Science 2 (2013), 275-284. doi:10.5455/oams.270713.or.052



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nkengfack, Germaine N., Jeanne Ngogang, and Heike Englert. "Effects of “5 a day” fruit and vegetable intake on micronutrient level and oxidative stress markers in HIV positive patients: a cluster randomized trial." Oxidants and Antioxidants in Medical Science 2.4 (2013), 275-284. Print. doi:10.5455/oams.270713.or.052



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nkengfack, G. N., Ngogang, J. & Englert, H. (2013) Effects of “5 a day” fruit and vegetable intake on micronutrient level and oxidative stress markers in HIV positive patients: a cluster randomized trial. Oxidants and Antioxidants in Medical Science, 2 (4), 275-284. doi:10.5455/oams.270713.or.052





Most Viewed Articles
  • Low intensity radiofrequency radiation: a new oxidant for living cells
    Igor Yakymenko, Evgeniy Sidorik, Diane Henshel, Sergiy Kyrylenko
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2014; 3(1): 1-3
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.240314.ed.002

  • Oxidants and antioxidants: friends or foes?
    Sukru Oter, Si Jin, Luca Cucullo, H.J. Damien Dorman
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(1): 1-4
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.080612.ed.001

  • Effects of free radicals and antioxidants on exercise performance
    Sikiru Lamina, Charles I. Ezema, Anele I. Theresa, Ezugwu U. Anthonia
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2013; 2(2): 83-91
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.010413.rv.005

  • Effects of silymarin, N-acetylcysteine and selenium in the treatment of papulopustular acne
    Haidar Hamid Al-Anbari, Ahmed Salih Sahib, Ahmed R. Abu Raghif
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(3): 201-207
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.290912.or.019

  • Anticancer and free radical scavenging potency of Catharanthus roseus, Dendrophthoe petandra, Piper betle and Curcuma mangga extracts in breast cancer cell lines
    Wahyu Widowati, Tjandrawati Mozef, Chandra Risdian, Yellianty Yellianty
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2013; 2(2): 137-142
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.100413.or.038

  • Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of marine actinomycetes Streptomyces sp VITSTK7
    Mohankumar Thenmozhi, Krishnan Kannabiran
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(1): 51-57
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.270412.or.005

  • Is it oxidative or free radical stress and why does it matter?
    Boguslaw Lipinski
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(1): 5-9
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.130312.rv.001

  • Chemical properties of Monodora myristica and its protective potentials against free radicals in vitro
    Ochuko L. Erukainure, Oluwatoyin V. Oke, Folashade O. Owolabi, Funmi O. Kayode, Emmanuel E. Umanhonlen, Muhammad Aliyu
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(2): 127-132
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.080712.or.009

  • Cytotoxic and proapoptotic activities of gallic acid to human oral cancer HSC-2 cells
    Alyssa G. Schuck, Jeffrey H. Weisburg, Hannah Esan, Esther F. Robin, Ayelet R. Bersson, Jordana R. Weitschner, Tova Lahasky, Harriet L. Zuckerbraun, Harvey Babich
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2013; 2(4): 265-274
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.220713.or.051

  • Phytochemical and in vitro antioxidant properties of the methanolic extract of fruits of Blighia sapida, Vitellaria paradoxa and Vitex doniana
    Rabiat U. Hamzah, Evans C. Egwim, Adamu Y. Kabiru, Mary B. Muazu
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2013; 2(3): 217-223
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.090513.or.043

  • Most Downloaded
  • Low intensity radiofrequency radiation: a new oxidant for living cells
    Igor Yakymenko, Evgeniy Sidorik, Diane Henshel, Sergiy Kyrylenko
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2014; 3(1): 1-3
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.240314.ed.002

  • Oxidants and antioxidants: friends or foes?
    Sukru Oter, Si Jin, Luca Cucullo, H.J. Damien Dorman
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(1): 1-4
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.080612.ed.001

  • The antioxidant capacity and immunomodulatory activity of stingless bee honeys proceeding from Costa Rica
    Gabriel Zamora, Kees Beukelman, Bert van den Berg, Maria Laura Arias, Eduardo Umana, Ingrid Aguilar, Linda Quarles van Ufford, Edwin van den Worm, Natalia Fallas, Rebeca Solorzano
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2015; 4(1): 49-55
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.180415.or.084

  • Is it oxidative or free radical stress and why does it matter?
    Boguslaw Lipinski
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(1): 5-9
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.130312.rv.001

  • Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of marine actinomycetes Streptomyces sp VITSTK7
    Mohankumar Thenmozhi, Krishnan Kannabiran
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(1): 51-57
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.270412.or.005

  • Anticancer and free radical scavenging potency of Catharanthus roseus, Dendrophthoe petandra, Piper betle and Curcuma mangga extracts in breast cancer cell lines
    Wahyu Widowati, Tjandrawati Mozef, Chandra Risdian, Yellianty Yellianty
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2013; 2(2): 137-142
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.100413.or.038

  • Effects of free radicals and antioxidants on exercise performance
    Sikiru Lamina, Charles I. Ezema, Anele I. Theresa, Ezugwu U. Anthonia
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2013; 2(2): 83-91
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.010413.rv.005

  • Protective properties of complex of quercetin, selenium, catechins and curcumin against DNA damage
    Jana Kadrabova, Marica Krajcovicova-Kudlackova, Alexander Madaric, Martina Valachovicova, Csilla Mislanova, Maria Korenovska
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(3): 179-184
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.180912.or.018

  • Airway antioxidant capacity and pH in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Wei Lee, Hsien Loo, Paul S. Thomas
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(3): 153-160
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.300812.or.016

  • Heparin or EDTA; anticoagulant of choice in free radical estimation?
    Kuldeep Mohanty, Swetasmita Mishra, Jhumur Pani, Tarannum Hasan, Abhishek Purohit, Subhadra Sharma, Rima Dada
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(1): 21-24
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.130512.br.001

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Chemical properties of Monodora myristica and its protective potentials against free radicals in vitro
    Ochuko L. Erukainure, Oluwatoyin V. Oke, Folashade O. Owolabi, Funmi O. Kayode, Emmanuel E. Umanhonlen, Muhammad Aliyu
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(2): 127-132
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.080712.or.009
    Cited : 12 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Role of free radicals and antioxidants in gynecological cancers: current status and future prospects
    Lokanatha Valluru, Subramanyam Dasari, Rajendra Wudayagiri
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2014; 3(1): 15-26
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.201113.rv.011
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Anticancer and free radical scavenging potency of Catharanthus roseus, Dendrophthoe petandra, Piper betle and Curcuma mangga extracts in breast cancer cell lines
    Wahyu Widowati, Tjandrawati Mozef, Chandra Risdian, Yellianty Yellianty
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2013; 2(2): 137-142
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.100413.or.038
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Silymarin and naringenin protects nicotine induced oxidative stress in young rats
    Anshu Jain, Nidhi Dwivedi, Rakesh Bhargava, Swaran J.S. Flora
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(1): 41-49
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.130412.or.004
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Palm vitamin E reduces oxidative stress, and physical and morphological alterations of erythrocyte membranes in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats
    Fatmah Ali Matough, Siti Balkis Budin, Zariyantey Abdul Hamid, Santhana Raj Louis, Nasar Alwahaibi, Jamaludin Mohamed
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(1): 59-68
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.300412.or.006
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Peroxidative index as novel marker of hydrogen peroxide involvement in lipid peroxidation from coal dust exposure
    Nia Kania, Bambang Setiawan, Edi Widjajanto, Nurdiana Nurdiana, M. Aris Widodo, H.M.S. Chandra Kusuma
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(3): 209-215
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.031012.or.020
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Phytochemical and in vitro antioxidant properties of the methanolic extract of fruits of Blighia sapida, Vitellaria paradoxa and Vitex doniana
    Rabiat U. Hamzah, Evans C. Egwim, Adamu Y. Kabiru, Mary B. Muazu
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2013; 2(3): 217-223
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.090513.or.043
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Heparin or EDTA; anticoagulant of choice in free radical estimation?
    Kuldeep Mohanty, Swetasmita Mishra, Jhumur Pani, Tarannum Hasan, Abhishek Purohit, Subhadra Sharma, Rima Dada
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(1): 21-24
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.130512.br.001
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of marine actinomycetes Streptomyces sp VITSTK7
    Mohankumar Thenmozhi, Krishnan Kannabiran
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2012; 1(1): 51-57
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.270412.or.005
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Cytotoxic and proapoptotic activities of gallic acid to human oral cancer HSC-2 cells
    Alyssa G. Schuck, Jeffrey H. Weisburg, Hannah Esan, Esther F. Robin, Ayelet R. Bersson, Jordana R. Weitschner, Tova Lahasky, Harriet L. Zuckerbraun, Harvey Babich
    Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2013; 2(4): 265-274
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/oams.220713.or.051
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]