ISSN 2146-8389
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


The total antioxidant capacity of infant feeds at various handling temperatures - a comparative study

Arun M. Xavier, Kavita Rai, Amitha M. Hegde.

Abstract
Among the several mechanisms that the infant body possesses to counteract damage by free radicals and other reactive oxygen species (ROS), a diet rich in antioxidants enhances this defense capacity to ward off diseases. This research aimed to compare the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of various available infant feeds that were subjected to varying temperatures and storage durations. Ten samples each of cow’s fresh milk, pasteurized milk and four infant formulas were collected. Cow’s milk and pasteurized milk were assessed at room temperature immediately, 48 h post refrigeration (4C) and after heating with low and high flame followed by 2-h flasking. Infant formulas were assessed for their TAC at room temperature, following refrigeration and freezing for 48 h at 4C and –8C respectively by phospho-molybdenum method. The results showed pasteurized cow’s milk to have significantly lesser antioxidants than fresh cow’s milk. The 2-h flasking of heated milk samples produced a less significant increase in TAC levels. A high statistical difference was observed in the TAC comparing freshly prepared infant formulas to those when refrigerated and frozen. We concluded that fresh cow’s milk possessed the highest TAC followed by pasteurized milk and infant formulas at all storage temperature and durations.

Key words: Free radicals; Infant formula; Pasteurized milk; Total antioxidant capacity


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Xavier AM, Rai K, Hegde AM. The total antioxidant capacity of infant feeds at various handling temperatures - a comparative study. Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2013; 2(2): 107-112. doi:10.5455/oams.160413.or.039


Web Style

Xavier AM, Rai K, Hegde AM. The total antioxidant capacity of infant feeds at various handling temperatures - a comparative study. http://www.ejmoams.com/?mno=33295 [Access: August 20, 2018]. doi:10.5455/oams.160413.or.039


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Xavier AM, Rai K, Hegde AM. The total antioxidant capacity of infant feeds at various handling temperatures - a comparative study. Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. 2013; 2(2): 107-112. doi:10.5455/oams.160413.or.039



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Xavier AM, Rai K, Hegde AM. The total antioxidant capacity of infant feeds at various handling temperatures - a comparative study. Oxid Antioxid Med Sci. (2013), [cited August 20, 2018]; 2(2): 107-112. doi:10.5455/oams.160413.or.039



Harvard Style

Xavier, A. M., Rai, K. & Hegde, A. M. (2013) The total antioxidant capacity of infant feeds at various handling temperatures - a comparative study. Oxid Antioxid Med Sci, 2 (2), 107-112. doi:10.5455/oams.160413.or.039



Turabian Style

Xavier, Arun M., Kavita Rai, and Amitha M. Hegde. 2013. The total antioxidant capacity of infant feeds at various handling temperatures - a comparative study. Oxidants and Antioxidants in Medical Science, 2 (2), 107-112. doi:10.5455/oams.160413.or.039



Chicago Style

Xavier, Arun M., Kavita Rai, and Amitha M. Hegde. "The total antioxidant capacity of infant feeds at various handling temperatures - a comparative study." Oxidants and Antioxidants in Medical Science 2 (2013), 107-112. doi:10.5455/oams.160413.or.039



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Xavier, Arun M., Kavita Rai, and Amitha M. Hegde. "The total antioxidant capacity of infant feeds at various handling temperatures - a comparative study." Oxidants and Antioxidants in Medical Science 2.2 (2013), 107-112. Print. doi:10.5455/oams.160413.or.039



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Xavier, A. M., Rai, K. & Hegde, A. M. (2013) The total antioxidant capacity of infant feeds at various handling temperatures - a comparative study. Oxidants and Antioxidants in Medical Science, 2 (2), 107-112. doi:10.5455/oams.160413.or.039





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